1_The Basics of Animated Movement In Process

Kevin Parry

Stop Motion magic

1_The Basics of Animated Movement Animation Techniques In Process

Cut paper animation

Uses rotoscoped Photoshop images cut out.
1_The Basics of Animated Movement Animation Techniques

Stop Motion Studio iPad


Do I lock WB/exposure settings. Does that depend how I am bringing objects in and out?

What isvthe best interval timer setting – 15fps? For what types of movement?. Or use remote?

Backdrop/lighting. Pro version has greenscreen.

Looks at frame rate, inbetweens etc
Life lapse on iPhone. Alternative tripods: cup, booksvon chair. Lock White Balance and Aperture to aboid flickering.
Light lapse. Interval timer at 15 sec. then delete any clips where the hand is in. TURN PHONE AUTOLOCK OFF. She is bringing new things on and off. So she locks the settings.
Good basic overview of free Ap. Uses pegs, and gorilla tripod. Keeps all settings on Manual.
Life Lapse. Put camera on book. Need to lock camera oroehtation as well as other settings.

Lego animation

Lighting, sets, subtle motion, camera movement,


Uses masking feature


1_The Basics of Animated Movement In Process Inspiration

Stop Motion Cooking

Uses wire, rigs and protective film.
Very elaborate expensive setup
Best one

Has interesting views of his setup at the end
1_The Basics of Animated Movement In Process Inspiration


1_The Basics of Animated Movement Animation Techniques In Process

Stop Motion techniques

You Tube Examples

Does a panning diagram mounted on tripod to make panning and other camera movements predictable. Move set instead of character



Persistence of vision only operates at 10-12fps
Uses a grid. Can I make ine to put overnthe ipad screen?
Discusses different framerates for diffeent types of movie: slow/fast movement, size of objects
Overview of different types of Stop Motion: cutout, claymation, object,

The whole production process. Uses two cameras: webcam to use free software for onionskin, but shoots with DSLR.
Introductory overview.
To go from chaos to structure, start with the structure and deconstruct, then reverse frames.
Tether camera to Lightroom, with battery replacement pack, LED lights and remote control.
Camera settings ISO 250, f/6.3 (f/5-f/8) 1/10sec, f/
Framerate 6, 10, 15 FPS for typical SM look.

Stop Motion Studio on iPad

Free SMS on iPhone. Uses pegs to stabilise the the iPhone on a table.
Compares SmS on iPad with DSLR. Main issue is grain. Make sure have good lighting. Can shoot greenscreen then key in AE and overlay on background.
1_The Basics of Animated Movement In Process

Stop Motion Animation

Tip: Lighting

Flicker is the consequence of variable lighting, but it can disrupt the flow of an animation and break the illusion of movement by drawing the viewers attention elsewhere. Continuity of lighting – lighting levels, direction and colour balance – are important to ensure that when you cut between shots, visual continuity is not disrupted.

  • Work in a space that has controlled lighting and is unlit by any other source of light (use blackout curtains if shooting during the day to avoid unexpected intrusions, such as car lights passing by or the shadows of leaves fluttering in lamplight).
  • If you use electric lighting, ensure the energy source is constant and the bulbs are not old as this will make them likely change in colour temperature and vibrancy during the shoot.
  • Avoid fluorescent lighting which flickers imperceptibly to the human eye but is registered by photography.
  • If you choose to use natural light (an unusual choice, but increasingly popular), you would most likely choose either a very clear sunny day or a completely overcast day, but not a partially cloudy day.
Tip: Exposure

As with filming, to ensure continuity, you will need to set the white-balance of your camera and ensure that the exposure settings are set to manual and remain the same throughout your shoot. As animation is made up of still images, rather than recorded video, you are able to shoot in much lower light conditions than video. You are also able to use long exposure in your camera to very exciting effects.

Tip: Camera Movement

Another common problem for beginner stop-motion animators is ‘camera shake’. Just as with continuity of lighting, continuity of frame is essential in animation and is the primary mechanism on which the illusion of animation depends. As a general rule, in order for the audience to believe that something is moving within a frame there must be some elements of the frame that are kept constant. A constant rate of change such as a very slow pan of the camera would also work, however this is difficult to achieve without the appropriate software or hardware. (See more in Part 4).

A note on stop-frame animation software:
Computer software has been developed specifically developed for this process: Dragon Frame (professional pc), Monkey Jam (free), iStopmotion (iPad) and Stop Motion Pro. These enable you to review your animation with onion-skinning while you are making it and lay down audio tracks on the timeline and produce your animations entirely within this kind of software without the need to use your editing software.